WC&P is proud to offer this comprehensive glossary to our readers and website visitors. This living document is intended to serve as an easy-to-use reference source for information on the POU/POE water treatment industry.
Any suggestions or input that would further enhance or expand the glossary are strongly encouraged.
We would like to formally thank and credit such organizations as WQA, AWWA, WEF, Lenntech and other web glossary sources for providing some of the basis and background of this compendium.
Process that serves to remove all ionized substances from a solution. Most common is the exchange process where cations and anions are removed independently of each other: first, positively charged ions are removed by a cation exchange resin in exchange for a chemically equivalent amount of hydrogen ions; next, negatively charged ions are removed by an anion exchange resin for a chemically equivalent amount of hydroxide ions. The hydrogen and hydroxide ions introduced in this process unite to form water molecules. The term is often used interchangeably with demineralization. The cation resin is regenerated with an acid and the anion resin is regenerated with sodium hydroxide (caustic soda).